Friday, July 28, 2017

Halloween or All Hollows Eve Index

Pictures of artifacts in my collection below.
        Halloween is on the evening of October 31. Though the occasion is usually given over to frolics, mischief and entertainments of an hilarious nature, the name means, literally, Holy Eve. In fact, October 31rst is the eve of the Church festival of All Saints, which occurs on November 1rst. Long ago pagan people celebrated All Saint's Day in honor of the good and evil spirits which were believed to inhabit the earth, and the frolicking of today is merely a survival of these superstitious customs.
       Children of the St. Louis, Missouri area are expected to perform a joke, usually a simple Halloween-themed pun or riddle, before receiving any candy; this "trick" earns the "treat". Sometimes children also perform a magic trick, recite a short poem or perform a simple tumbling trick, like a cartwheel, in order to receive their candy. Parents also normally accompany their children and most are in costume as well. Because I live in St. Louis, I've included listings of jokes and poems below. 
Halloween Artifacts & Art for Enhancing Lesson Plans: St. Louis Style
  1. Just Admiring the Giant, Halloween, Yard Art on A Lovely Fall Day...
  2. Halloween Party Favor Ideas for The Classroom
  3. A jack-o-lantern maze
  4. A Safe Place for Trick-or-Treaters to Party
  5. A Jack-O-Lantern Dot-To-Dot
  6. The Haunted Palace
  7. How to Draw a Halloween Cat
  8. Feelings Faces Game for Halloween
  9. Pumpkin and Jack-O-Lantern Number Books
  10. 100 Spooky Crafts & Treats For Halloween
  11. "Spooky" Tree Watercolor Painting
  12. Paint, Cut and Paste Your Own Bumpy Little Pumpkins
  13. Scrumdiddlyumptious Apple and Quince Treats and Recipes!
  14. How Halloween Came to Be Celebrated in Christendom
  15. Hallowe'en in Olden Time
  16. Craft an Edible Jack-O-Lantern Bingo Game
  17. Corpse Bride
  18. The Story of "Stingy Jack"
  19. Arsenic and Old Lace
  20. Costumes Worn On Halloween
  21. Improvised Masquerade Costumes
  22. The Legend of Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving
  23. Craft an Animated Skeleton
  24. Old-Fashioned Halloween Silhouettes 
  25. How to Make "Pumpkin Spice" or "Pumpkin Pie" Playdough
  26. Bake a Fortune Cake
  27. "The Ghost and Mr. Chicken"
  28. Around The Apple Tub
  29. Over 100 Riddles for Trick-Or-Treaters
  30. "The Raven," by Edgar Allen Poe
  31. How to make caramel apples, yum!
  32. Knock, Knock Links
Page last updated on July 28th, 2017

Ocean and Seashore Index

Pictures of artifacts in index below.
       The ocean or sea is the vast body of water which covers nearly three-fourths of the surface of the globe. Although no portion of it is completely detached from the rest, the ocean has been theoretically divided into several great basins or areas, namely, the Pacific Ocean, which separates Asia and Australia from America; the Atlantic Ocean which separates America from Europe and Africa; the Indian Ocean, which intervenes between Africa and Australia; the Arctic and Antarctic oceans, round the North and South poles respectively. Between these divisions no very definite limits can be drawn; thus it is impossible to say where the Atlantic or the Pacific ends and the Antarctic or Southern Ocean begins.
Ocean and Seashore Artifacts & Art for Enhancing Lesson Plans:
  1. The Sea Gull by Mary Howitt
  2. Break! Break! Break!
  3. Song for All Seas, All Ships
  4. Craft an entire school of "Rainbow Fish" from paper plates!
  5. Design and Craft a Sailor's Valentine
  6. Octopus Clock Craft  
More Ideas For The Study of The Sea:
Page last updated on July 28th, 2017

Thursday, July 27, 2017

Children's Poetry & Prose Index

Many of the poems and prose in my index come with illustrated prints.
       Poetry, one of the two greatest classes of literary production, the other being prose. According to the usual meaning of the term, poetry is rhythmical, imaginative language which appeals to the emotions and the artistic sense. As we think casually of the question, we take for granted that prose was the earlier form of literature. Moliere in one of his comedies shows the surprise of an old man who discovers that he has been, all his life, "talking prose without knowing it;" but most of us are conscious that we "talk prose," and we see nothing wonderful about it. Prose is so much simpler and more natural than poetry, we think, and surely the early nations must have had a well-developed prose literature before they ventured to attempt poetry?
 Hieroglyphics Artifacts:
  1. Hieroglyphics or Picture Writing" The Owl and the Pussycat by Edward Lear
Poetry Artifacts for Enhancing Lesson Plans:
  1. The Train by C. H. Crandall
  2. The Woodpecker
  3. The Sea Gull by Mary Howitt
  4. The Caterpillar
  5. The Plains' Call...
  6. Rain In Summer
  7. When Winter Comes
  8. The Snow-Bird
  9. Don't Belittle Little Things
  10. A Wise Old Owl
  11. The Owl by Tennyson
  12. Song to The Violet
  13. Politeness
  14. Washington's Birthday
  15. The Firemen Say Safety Comes First!
  16. "When The Frost Is On the Punkin"
  17. On May Morning
  18. The Turkey's Lament by King Gobbler
  19. A Summer Snowstorm!
  20. The Circus Day Parade
  21. "The Raven," by Edgar Allen Poe
  22. The Snowman Song
  23. "The Cornstalk's Lesson" Poem
  24. "Roasting Corn" Poem
  25. The Coming of Spring
  26. Little Apple Rhymes and Poems
  27. "In the Swing" Silhouette and Poem
  28. Shadows
  29. The Haunted Palace
  30. Cold Water
  31. Bessie's Knitting
  32. Josephus Hyde And His Sinful Pride
More Excellent Poetry Resource for Kids:
Page last updated July 28th, 2017.

Apple Index

Sample pictures from the Apple Index below.
       Apple, a fruit that many authorities consider the most valuable of any cultivated by mankind. It is by far the most generally cultivated of any grown in the temperate regions, and it is also one of the most appreciated. The person who does not enjoy eating apples is a rarity. The tree which bears this popular fruit belongs to the rose family. It can be grown in Norway and other countries as far north as 65 degrees north. The blossoms are very susceptible to injury from frost, but they appear mush later then peach or apricot blossoms and so avoid the late frost which would be fatal to fruit bearing. Apple trees reach a moderate height and have spreading branches. The leaves are nearly oval, and the pinkish-white flowers are produced from very short shoots or spurs, which are usually of two years' growth.

Apple Artifacts & Art for Enhancing Lesson Plans:
  1. DIY Apple Card Games for Early Learners
  2. A Summer Snowstorm!
  3. "Apple of My Eye" Valentines
  4. Print and Play An Apple Themed Color Sort Game
  5. Stringing Beads at The Early Leaning Center
  6. Scrumdiddlyumtious Apple Quince Treats and Recipes!
  7. "A" was once a counting apple pie too!
  8. Little Apple Rhymes and Poems
  9. Craft a Half-Eaten Home!
  10. All 'descendants' of Johnny Appleseed
  11. Links to More Than 100 Apple Crafts!
  12. Craft an Apple Lacing Card from A Paper Plate
  13. String a Wormy Apple Craft
  14. "Oats and Wild Apples," by Frank Asch
  15. "Ten Red Apples," by Pat Hutchins
  16. Johnny Appleseed Praise and Worship
  17. Who was Johnny Appleseed?
  18. The "Act" of Tearing Develops Small Muscles
  19. Around The Apple Tub 
 More Fun Apple Crafts:
Page last updated on July 28th, 2017

Kindergarten & Preschool Index

Sample pictures of artifacts listed below.
       Kindergarten, a word meaning child garden, is applied to a special kind of school for small children. The first kindergarten was established by Friederich Frobel in 1840, and schools modeled on his are now common in both European countries and American States. Interest in the education of young children is not of recent origin, however, the vivid interest of child life and the responsive quality of childhood has always made their training possess much possibility among many nations of the earth. The Greeks, for example, planned for definite care of children under seven and their  Roman predecessors invented methods of instruction which should tempt any little beginners into paths of learning. After the establishment of Church schools throughout Christendom, children became proficient in even wider studies early in life.
  1. Early Childhood Education
  2. Power to Explore
  3. What Is Play?
  4. Getting Ready to Read
  5. About Bloodborne Pathogens
Teaching Aids and Centers:
  1. Play-Doh Mats for Early Learners
  2. The Building Block Center
  3. Trace, Cut and Paste Developmental Leaning Activities
  4. Name Recognition Encourages Early Reading
  5. B is For Button and Also CORE
  6. Four Easy Ways to Develop Small Motor Skills in Early Learners
  7. Develop Small Motor Muscles with Clothespins and Paper Plates
  8. Use a Light Table to Teach About Colors and Shapes
  9. How to arrange objects according to size?
  10. Eating Should Be a Happy, Healthy Experience!
  11. Counting Monsters for Fun!
  12. Pinchers Not Grippers!
  13. Developing a Seating Chart for A Rug
  14. Stringing Beads at The Early Learning Center 
  15. DIY Apple Card Games for Early Learners 
  16. Handwashing Must Be Taught in Preschool
  17. Ed Emberley's Children's Books
  18. The "Act" of Tearing Develops Small Muscles 
Kindergarten Crafts:
  1. "Chicka, Chicka, Boom, Boom" in My Classroom 
  2. Paint, Cut and Paste Your Own Bumpy Little Pumpkins 
  3. Craft a Half-Eaten Home! 
  4. Craft your very own butterfly kite! - two patterns 
  5. Craft a Little Valentine Garden 
  6. How to Make "Pumpkin Spice" or "Pumpkin Pie" Playdough  
  7. Sunflower Craft Using Beans and Hands 
  8. Craft an Apple Lacing Card from a Paper Plate  
  9. Paint Fall Foliage With Hugs and Kisses - x's and o's 
  10. "Spooky" Tree Watercolor Painting 
  11. Pumpkin and Jack-O-Lantern Number Books 
  12. Craft Three Age Appropriate Clover Mosaics for St. Patrick's Day 
  13. Craft a Fall Landscape Using Leaf Rubbings 
  14. Cut & Paste Popped Corn On the Cob 
  15. A Fall Leaf Craft for Two and Three Year Olds 
  16. Tear and Paste Falling Leaves 
  17. String a Wormy Apple Craft  
More Articles About Early Learning from Art Education Daily:
  1. The "Elements Of Art" Is Kindergarten Material
  2. Introducing Preschoolers to Play Dough 
Page last updated on July 27th, 2017

Wednesday, July 26, 2017

DIY Apple Card Games for Early Learners

Alphabet Apple Cards made from die cuts.
The alphabet apple cards, just right, are made from die cut apples and precut alphabet letters.

Alphabet Apple Card Questions:
  • Spell out simple sight words like: GO, MY, ME, AT, TO, BE, NO, YES
  • Put the alphabet cards in order and recite the letters out loud.
  • Find a specific letter or remove a specific letter.
  • Identify the vowel letters?
  • Which letter is at the beginning of your name?
  • Pick out a letter and make it's sound. 
  • How many letters are in the alphabet? Count them to find out.
The Seriation Apple Cards: are cut from red construction paper and shaded with crayons or colored pencils. Young students can line these apples up, starting with the smallest apple and ending with the largest, or vice versa. 
Homemade Seriation Apple Cards.
The Whole & Half Apple Card Set: For this next apple card set, cut four of each design: four cut apples of yellow, lime green, dark green and bright red and then four uncut apples of yellow, lime green, dark green and bright red. There should be thirty-two cards altogether.

Questions for this card game:
  • Match the pairs, each pair should share the same color and include one cut half apple and one whole apple
  • Display four apples, three alike and one different. Which apple doesn't belong?
  • Display five or six cards and ask the child to identify specific colors, specific cut halves, or whole apples.
  • Spread out all the cards face up and ask the child to make a book, four matching cards exactly alike.
  • Spread all the cards face down in the pattern of a grid and have the children take turns turning two cards face up. If the two cards each player turns face up match they can take the matching pair and put it into their own personal stack. If the two cards do not match, the player must return them face down to the grid. The player with the most pairs by the end of the game wins. Players must turn cards over until none are left in the grid.
Pictures of the Whole & Half Apple Card set. Far left, Match the pairs., Next, count the red apples.,
Center, make a book., Far Right, Which apple doesn't belong.
More Apple Games: 

Counting Monsters for Fun!

       Moms and Dads, teachers and tutors, babysitters and grandparents can make all kinds of fun flash cards using free fonts and bright, imaginative cut-outs from their local teacher's store. 
       I picked up these funny monster die cuts to enhance the set of number flash cards you see below. This set was on a discount table and they only cost me fifty cents. 
       Then I visited a free font website and downloaded a little monster font to print number flash cards. I embellished the cards with green construction paper and the monster die cuts before laminating the finished flash cards. 
       My young students enjoyed counting the critters! They were able to check themselves for the correct miniature monster count by turning over the card to read the numerical symbols.

Left, I made counting cards using a free monster font. Then I dressed these
up with monster die cuts. Right, the correct number of tiny monsters found
on each card was then labeled on the back of each card.

More Homemade Flash Cards to Craft:

How to arrange objects according to size?

Animal stacking blocks for
 developing seriation skills.
       Arranging objects or pictures according to size is important for cognitive development. This process is referred to as seriation skill in the early learning classroom environment. There are a number of advantages for learners who excel at this skill:
  • Students are better prepared for learning mathematics such as: the order of numbers, fractions, addition and subtraction.
  • Processes in logical thinking become developed, such as: predicting outcomes, understanding relationships between objects, and making assumptions that can be analyzed.
       Toy companies have been making products for babies for years that encourage even infants to practice seriation skill sets. I've included photos here of an animal box set that I keep among the toys in my home.
My alphabet, animal stacking blocks are stacked according to size.
These elephants with big tusks and long trunks were fun for little ones to arrange from large, to larger, to largest etc...
         Above and below are black and white prints of elephants and rhinos of varying size that I printed, cut and laminated for my classroom several years of ago and these are still in great condition. The laminated surfaces allowed me to wipe them off with a cleanser of some sort before using them over again during many different class periods. Pre-k teachers can make multiple sets of images such as these for youngsters to line up in order of size with only a bit of pocket change.
Students practiced arranging rhinos according to size in my classroom several years ago.
       Below are wild animal clip art samples that visitors may use to make their own personal sets like the projects shown above. Pull the clip art into a Word Document and shrink or enlarge the beasts in order to have prints like the ones you see in my examples. I managed to print six different sizes using standard 8 1/2 x 11 inch typing paper. Start with the largest size and then scale the images down by dragging the corners of each image down to a slightly smaller version of the same image.
A tufted ape clip art image.
A giant sea turtle clip art image.
A striped zebra clip art image.

       "A preschool student stacks cups to organize them by size. View more at
       Focus on the Child videos are taken from one-on-one interviews with individual children. The interviews are designed to elicit evidence of children's mathematical thinking. They are not teaching episodes or formal assessments."

Thursday, May 25, 2017

Paper Cuts of Children With a Pony

A girl and a boy lead a pony through a pasture.

A boy balances on a chair, a pony nips and pulls away.

A boy rides a pony and a girl greets him.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

The Train by C. H. Crandall

The Train
by C. H. Crandall

It comes!
It hums!
With ear to ground
I catch the sound,
The warning courier-roar
That runs along before.
The pulsing, struggling, now is clearer!
The hillsides echo "nearer, nearer,"
Till like a drove of rushing, trampling
With dust and wind and clang and 
Shriek and rattle,
Passes the cyclops of the train!
I see a fair face at the pane,--
Like a piano string
The rails, unburdened, sing;
The white smoke flies
Up to the skies;
The sound 
Is drowned--

The Woodpecker

The Woodpecker
by Elizabeth Madox Roberts

The woodpecker pecked out a little round hole
And made him a house in the telephone pole.
One day when I watched he poked out his head,
And he had on a hood and a collar of red.

When the streams of rain pour out of the sky,
And the sparkles of lightning go flashing by,
And the big, big wheels of thunder roll
He can snuggle back in the telephone pole.

Woodpecker feeds here babies, well one of them anyhow.

The Sea Gull by Mary Howitt

The Sea Gull
by Mary Howitt

Oh, the white Sea-gull, the wild Sea-gull,
A joyful bird is he,
As he lies like a cradled thing at rest
In the arms of a sunny sea!
The little waves rock to and fro,
And the white gull lies asleep,
As the fisher's bark, with breeze and tide,
Goes merrily over the deep!

The ship, with her fair sails set, goes by,
And her people stand to note
How the Sea-gull sits on the rocking waves,
As if in an anchored boat.
The sea is fresh, the sea is fair,
And the sky calm overhead,
And the Sea-gull lies on the deep, deep sea.
Like a king in his royal bed.